Our History

Our Rich History & Fundamentals


At iResponse, we are the know-all point for industries and other tribes. Our tool easily keeps track of projects that require Section 106 consultations. We aim to gain trust among different tribes and industries.

Our Approach

Alvin Windy Boy Sr. is the CEO of iResponse and is a former chairman of the Chippewa tribe, where he served as Chairman for 12 years. Once he left the council, he was appointed as the Tribal Historic Preservation Officer for the tribe. The Chippewa tribe has nine states that fall within its ancestral homelands.

iResponse was formed to provide not only the Chippewa but all tribes a place where they can initiate and track projects that require NHPA Reviews and Section 106 consultations.

We are here to preserve cultural and historic resources both on and off-reservation through documentation and active mitigation and to protect cultural and historic resources through tribal and NRHP designations, tribal programs, and partnerships with federal and state agencies.

Fundamental Resources

  • Duncan historically significant places located on reservation lands, off-reservation trust lands, and across the nine-state area that encompasses our ancestral homeland. This area covers the historic travel routes of the Chippewa, including Rocky Boy’s band, across Pennsylvania, Ohio, Michigan, Indiana, Illinois, Wisconsin, Minnesota, and traditional homelands of the Cree in North Dakota, South Dakota, Wyoming, and Montana.
  • Medicinal and sacred plant resources.
  • The Chippewa, or Ojibwe, language and the Cree, or Nei-yahw language.
  • Prophecies, place names, landscape narratives, traditional values, and other oral histories maintained by the elders of the tribe.

Our History

The history of the people of Rocky Boy’s Indian Reservation in many ways reflects the history of Indian country in America in the twentieth century. There were overt efforts to do away with Native Americans in general.

There were aggressive efforts made to Christianize tribal people, to transform hunter-gatherers to farmers, and in general, “civilize” those that were seen as uncivil. Some of this was done with a paternal (and patronizing) approach.

Many Indian children, particularly following the Great Depression, were sent to boarding schools where many aspects of Chippewa Cree culture were eroded and influenced by Anglo American culture; but beginning in the 1960’s a resurgence of a commitment to learning language and maintaining “traditional culture” ensued.


The tribe commissioned the elders to document The Philosophy of the Chippewa Cree, and the Cree language was introduced into the schools and daycare programs.

While the Chippewa and Cree have unique histories, they are now building a common heritage. It is in this spirit this web site is put together.

We are developing a site here to pay tribute to the generations who have left, to empower the current generation of our people, and to ensure that for generations to come, the Chippewa Cree people will have access to their history, opportunity to learn and understand their language, and to able to live in a way maintaining their culture.